Puppy Socialization – When, How And Why?

488

dogs91Socialization, the process of introducing and familiarizing a dog to new experiences, is one of the most important things you can do as a dog owner. By making your puppy more familiar with common objects like passing trucks, bicycles, loud noises, or other animals, and small children, you are helping it to be able to easily deal with new situations and unexpected events later in life.  Remember, an adult dog’s temperament and behavior patterns are determined during puppyhood, so it is crucial to familiarize your pup with as many situations as possible while it is still young.
The Breeder
Some socialization should begin with the breeder. For example, litters should be raised within the home rather than being secluded outdoors in a kennel. This gives the pups a chance to grow accustomed to the busy activity of a home with its different sights, smells, and sounds. Some breeders will even move pups to a new room each week to give them new stimuli to soak in, while others will park the pups near the hub of the home so that they can take in all of the activity and noise.  It is very important that breeders also get the pups used to being held and touched every day.
Elements & Exposure
In addition, growing puppies should be exposed to a wide variety stimuli, textures, and challenges. Give them different surfaces to walk on and introduce them to stairs. It is also beneficial to set up obstacle courses for them to navigate which will enhance their physical and psychological development. In addition, you should provide your pup with toys of different sizes and shapes in various materials. It is also good to take your pup on short car trips. After the pup has been fully vaccinated, take it to different parks where it can encounter other dogs in a safe environment.

Working Through the Fear
All puppies pass through what is known as a “fear imprinting stage” when they are between 8 and 12 weeks of age. It is essential for you to carefully introduce your puppy to different types of stimuli every day during this window of opportunity. Some experts recommend that you work to introduce your pup to 100 people by the time it is 12 weeks old.  Although there are several socialization windows, this first 12 week period is the most crucial to the dog’s long term development. After all, this is when a pup is first learning to experience the world around him, to enjoy spending time with people, and to behave correctly around other dogs.  It is very important that you do everything you can to make sure the experiences are positive for your pup. After all, the goal is to introduce your pup to new things so that it will not be afraid of them later.
In fact, failing to familiarize a young puppy to certain types of people or situations during this early period of his life can result in your dog being fearful of them for the rest of his life. Socialization as a puppy is vital in determining a dog’s lifelong temperament and behavioral patterns. Help your puppy to grow up to be the happy, well-adjusted dog he was meant to be by properly socializing him at the proper time.